It shows the impressive success of microcredit in reaching global scale. The original microcredit summit was held in washington, dc, usa, on february 24, 1997. Takes note of the report of the secretarygeneral on the role of microcredit and microfinance in the eradication of poverty. A project of results educational fund, the campaign led a movement in the microfinance industry to achieve two bold goals by 2015. In 1997, the mcs convened the original microcredit summit in washington, dc. The occasion highlighted the effectiveness of using tiny loans to help the most destitute. Microcredit summit campaign, launched in february 1997 at a summit in washington, dc, attended by over 2,900 delegates from 7 countries. Microcredit summit 1997 declaration and plan of action, available at. V acknowledgements no duty is more urgent than that of returning thanks james allen the development and conclusion of this thesis would not be possible without the support, accessibility and contribution of some people. The 1997 summit has been followed by 17 annual summits. The summit aims to reach 175 million of the worlds poorest families, especially the women of those families, with credit for the selfemployed and other financial and business services, by the end of 2015 4 microcredit summit, 2005. For example, from the speech of ms hillary clinton, it was obvious that she was sincerely involved in the field and had visited many microcredit institutions in developing.
This paper is the first of what the authors hope will be many initiatives to study the campaign and its impact, and offers key insights about how a citizenled process successfully. The definition of microcredit that was adopted there was. Much of the current interest in microcredit stems from the microcredit summit 24 february 1997, and the activities that went into organizing the event. Figure 1 is adapted from the microcredit summit campaigns state of the summit report 2015 the most recent at the time we are writing. Microcredit summit campaign and freedom from hunger form. Role of microcredit and microfinance in the eradication of. So i think all of you who have helped to make the pictures that ive shown a reality, who have been advocates on behalf of microcredit and the concepts of community and responsibility that it represents, and i hope that as a result of this summit, many, many more people will understand how microcredit can transform lives, will learn lessons on. Dc, for the microcredit summit a civil societyorganized summit with a profound commitment to break with business as usual and dramatically accelerate and scale up action. The microcredit summit campaign the campaign has played a lead role in advocating for microfinance as one of the most important strategies to reduce poverty. The original slogan of microcredit summit campaign was working to ensure that 100 million of the worlds poorest families, especially the women of those families, are receiving credit by the year 2005. More than 2,900 delegates from 7 countries attended.
Many recipients are illiterate, and therefore unable to complete paperwork required to get conventional loans. In the summits declaration cowritten by yunus, the message is clear. For the purpose of this paper, the 1997 microcredit summit, and the summits nineyear fulfillment campaign, any reference to microcredit should be understood. What is microcredit grameen bank bank for the poor. The summit launched a nineyear campaign to reach 100 million of the worlds poorest families, especially the women of those families, with. There is no doubt about the fact that, given the current systems of microcredit, women have access to credit. It makes self employment possible, and helps families emerge from the vicious cycle of poverty. Taking stock of the microcredit summit campaign what worked.
As a result, bangladesh has emerged as the cradle of the microcredit movement develtere and huybrechts 2005. There is no doubt that strong demand exists for microfinance services, among the poor. How microcredit reduces poverty poverty alleviation programs provide material, funds, information and project services for people with no income or work opportunities. State of the microcredit summit campaign report 2004.
Hillary rodham clinton first lady, united states over 2,900 people, representing 1,500 organizations from 7 countries, attended the microcredit summit in washington, d. The state of microcredit center for global development. Pdf the empowerment of women is a vital issue in developing countries. The importance of microcredit programs in sustainable. The summit featured the start of a nineyear campaign to reach 100 million of the worlds poorest families by 2005. And microcredit program has been considered as a major development tool for poverty. Figure 1 is taken from the microcredit summit campaigns. Sam matched that publicity coup by organizing the microcredit summit in washington, dc, in 1997, whose headliners included first lady hillary clinton and bangladesh prime minister sheikh hasina. Delegates to the 1997 microcredit summit launched an audacious campaign to reach 100 million of the worlds poorest families. Microcredit summit opening plenary in washington, d. Most of the selfhelp groups shgs that are formed under current microcredit initiatives are those of women. Grameencredit gives high priority on building social capital.
The summit was attended by some 1500 organizations from 7. The microcredit summit campaign is the worlds largest global network of microfinance practitioners and stakeholders. To develop a social agenda owned by the borrowers, something similar to. In 1997, yunus helped organize the first international microcredit summit. The importance of microcredit programs in sustainable development. Financing microfinance for poverty reduction microcredit. Welcomes the lauching of different microcredit initiatives in recent years. The campaign was launched at the first microcredit summit in 1997, which remains the largest gathering of microfinance practitioners to date. Apr 14, 2007 the microcredit summit campaign the campaign has played a lead role in advocating for microfinance as one of the most important strategies to reduce poverty.
Mar 02, 2012 much of the current interest in microcredit stems from the microcredit summit 24 february 1997, and the activities that went into organizing the event. Microcredit initiatives for equitable and sustainable development. At the conference 7 countries were represented and they agreed to build will, build capacity, and end poverty in the world yunus, 1999, p. From 1997 to 2016, the microcredit summit campaign was the largest global network of institutions and individuals involved in microfinance. The empirical evidence invoked by microcredits proponents was largely based on anecdotes, descriptive statistics, and impact studies that failed to disentangle 1 an example quote from the prime minister of bangladesh at the 1997 microcredit summit. It is promoted through formation of groups and centres, developing leadership quality through annual election of group and centre leaders, electing board members when the institution is owned by the borrowers. At that point, just million microfinance customers were counted globally. Microcredit summit, 1997, stressed on two issues to bring about changes to women. The first global microcredit summit meeting of councils was held in new york city, usa, on june 2427, 1998. Pdf in the 1990s, microfinance has captured the imagination of. Microcredit has generated considerable enthusiasm and hope for fast poverty alleviation, cul.
Microcredit summit, in which oscal participated in february 1997 as a member of the council of advocates. Members of the microcredit summit council practitioners agreed to complete an institutional action plan outlining how their institution will contribute to fulfilling the summit s goal of reaching 100 million of the worlds poorest families, especially the women of those families, with credit for selfemployment and other financial and. Microcredit is the extension of very small loans microloans to impoverished borrowers who typically lack collateral, steady employment, or a verifiable credit history. Much of this faith in microfinance is based on the highly selective. This paper explores grameen banks origins, structure, culture, performance and. The microcredit summit campaign, an american nonprofit organization, started as an effort to. It has been quite well recognized that micro finance smoothens consumption poor a hand up, microfinance can help break the vicious cycle of poverty in as little as a single gen, reduces the vulnerability of the poor and leads to increase in their income. This summit is to guarantee every poor person the chance to undertake responsibility to establish his and her own human dignity. The first microcredit summit was held february 24, 1997 in washington, dc.
It is designed to support entrepreneurship and alleviate poverty. See microcredit summit 1997, goetz and gupta 1996, khandker and chowdhury 1995, yunus. However, my anthropological research on the microcredit program of the grameen bank shows that bank. Members of the microcredit summit council practitioners agreed to complete an institutional action plan outlining how their institution will contribute to fulfilling the summits goal of reaching 100 million of the worlds poorest families, especially the women of those families, with credit for selfemployment and other financial and. Delegates to the 1997 microcredit summit launched an audacious campaign to reach 100.
The microcredit summit of 1997 defined microcredit as programmes which extend small loans to very poor people for selfemployment projects that generate income, allow ing them to care for themselves and their families. According to microcredit summit 20, microfinance reached more than 175 million families with. Hillary clinton opened the world summit on microcredit in washington. List of microcredit summit campaign conferences 1997, microcredit summit, washington, dc, february 24.
The 20 summit was cohosted by the microcredit summit campaign and the microfinance council of the philippines, inc. Cgap, the microcredit summit report, communique issued by the council of heads of state and government at the microcredit summit, 1997. Cgap, the microcredit summit report, communique issued by the council of heads of state and government at the microcredit summit,1997. More than nineteen million of the poorest households around the world now have access. Based poverty alleviation programs wiley online library. This issue of mercatus on policy is based on a longer article, the micromagic of microcredit, which, along with other enterprise africa. Delegates to the 1997 microcredit summit launched an audacious campaign to reach 100 million of the worlds poorest. The microcredit summit, for example, posits that microcredit programs contributes greatly to the empowerment of the poor, especially women and helps raise awareness and aspirations for education, health, and other social services.953 1148 876 1375 395 1566 1358 1490 663 1123 865 558 1038 137 1570 873 1495 119 644 343 1172 318 538 1144 996 743 1152 678 650 85 670